How can job crafting improve your mental wellbeing at work?

September 25, 2020

How to build positively charged culture and employees? You should focus on improving the work engagement in the work community. The most powerful way to improve work engagement is to support both employee and team job crafting. Job crafting can make your job more enjoyable and meaningful but it can also enhance your well-being. It can develop your skills, cultivate the relationships you have at work, and help you to achieve your goals. Job crafting also aims to reduce the physiological and psychological costs of the work. Learn more about job crafting and the many ways to craft your job.

What is work engagement?

Let's start by laying out what we aim for with job crafting or modification. We want to improve continuously our mental wellbeing and health at work. Wellbeing at the workplace can be measured by employee work engagement. Work engagement is a positive, fulfilling, work-related state of mind. It is your experience of your work and well-being. When you are experiencing positive work engagement you feel energetic and have a meaningful connection to your work and you can deal with the demands you face. Let's face it, there are more and more demands on the horizon.

Work engagement is being characterized by experiencing:

  1. Vigor - refers to high levels of energy and resilience, the willingness to invest effort, not being easily fatigued, and persistence in the face of difficulties

  2. Absorption - refers to being totally and happily immersed in one’s work and having difficulties detaching oneself from it so that time passes quickly and one forgets everything else that is around.

  3. Dedication - refers to deriving a sense of significance from one’s work, feeling enthusiastic and proud about one’s job, and feeling inspired and challenged by it.

What is Job Crafting?

Job crafting is simple both in theory and practice. But yet, it is difficult to incorporate into your routines. The only thing you need is the courage to start crafting a better suitable and more meaningful job for yourself and your team. Job crafting means modifying or crafting your tasks, working routines, interactions, and relationships at work. You can also craft your job demands. It is about making your current job more satisfying by making simple changes in your daily work life and changing your perceptions about your job. It is not a one-time event, but a continuous process. It consists of small daily actions so you should not need a pre-approval from HR or your supervisor to craft your job.

Job crafting aims to make your job more meaningful, develop your skills, or cultivate the relationships you have at work. Job crafting is not a one-time event, but a continuous process individuals engage over time and use their resourcefulness instead of resources.

Job crafting is based on Job-Demands and Job-Resources (JD-R) model. The goal of JD-R is to optimize your long-term mental wellbeing by finding the balance between the negative demands and positive resources. At the end of this blog, I have listed some examples of how to craft both the demands and resources. You can read more about JD-R model from this blog.

You can also read more about job crafting from the Harvard Business Review article.

Why you should start doing job crafting?

According to several academic research papers, you can improve your work engagement, and thus work well-being by job crafting. Job crafting refers to modifying or crafting your tasks, routines, and relationships at work. You should not need a pre-approval to craft your job from HR, management, or supervisor.

Job crafting can make your job more enjoyable and meaningful but it can also enhance your well-being. It can develop your skills, cultivate the relationships you have at work, and help you to achieve your goals. Job crafting also aims to reduce the physiological and psychological costs of the work and improve your quality of life at work and off-work.

How can you craft your job?

Job crafting includes crafting your personal mindset and routines, your tasks, and relationships at work. Also, modifying job demands that refer to required efforts can be crafted. The perfect moment for job crafting may never come, but just being more conscious and making small changes in daily life can help you to feel more healthy, productive, and happy.

You can start crafting your job with Emooter app today. Our app provides you with job crafting suggestions and exercises based on your mental wellbeing state. They are always personalized based on your work engagement -level. Below are also a few practical tips to get you started with the process.

Practical tips for job crafting

  • You can craft your personal resources. Few examples are developing your personal goal-orientedness or resilience. You can read more about developing your team's resilience here.

  • Saying NO and setting clear boundaries is one option to craft your personal resources.

  • You can also craft job demands. Analyze by yourself or with your team what is the waste and bureaucracy in your daily activities and processes. Remove all the possible bureaucracy.

  • If you are the company founder or supervisor involve employees transparently into planning and decision making. This will increase the trust and autonomy of the team.

  • One way to craft your job is to rethink the interactions you have work. One example is working in customer service. When the customer calls, what are your initial thoughts? Are you prepared for complaints (=negatively wired) or are you prepared to serve with a smile (=positively wired)? This will make a huge difference to both you and the customer.

  • There is one way to craft your job which is above everything else. Super-simple yet super-powerful. You will come a long way in developing mental wellbeing by learning to give and receive feedback powered by gratitude. Ensure that feedback is part of your team's daily or weekly routines and you will see the impact soon. Learn also to show gratitude in the team. The easiest way is to start keeping a gratitude journal.

  • Communication is the key. Open and respectful communication has an impact on mental wellbeing, but it is a surprisingly difficult way to craft one's job.

  • Clear roles and goals are also part of job crafting. Make sure that you have a clear role and positively challenging goals. Have a discussion with your supervisor in case needed. Try to further develop your role to be based on your strengths. This will have an extra boost.

Job crafting is about making your work more meaningful. It should be based on your strengths and motivational factors. Job crafting should have a goal to develop the whole work community or company for the better. You can start crafting your job with your team using Emooter already today.

Find out how Emooter can help you and your team to improve well-being at work — Book a demo

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